Constitutional Right to Keep and Bear Arms?
No. Minnesota is one of six states without a constitutional provision for gun ownership.
Minnesota is a “shall-issue” state for right to carry permits, meaning that permits must be issued to any qualified applicant. However, the state is not a conceal-and-carry state; permits are required for carrying openly. Permits are issued by county sheriffs at a cost of up to $100. To obtain a permit, applicants must successfully complete a firearms safety course within one year of their application for a permit and undergo a criminal background check.
Persons in Minnesota who are not issued permits include those younger than the age of 21, those prohibited from possessing guns by federal law, such as convicted felons, those listed in the state’s criminal gang investigation system, those who have been convicted of assaulting a family member within three years, and those who have been convicted of a drug-related misdemeanor.
Minnesota’s permits are honored by the following states: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia and Wyoming.
Minnesota honors permits from Alaska, Arkansas, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wyoming.
Minnesota has not enacted a castle law. Existing state statute states that persons do not have a duty to retreat before using deadly force to protect themselves or prevent a felony from being committed inside their residence. However, gun rights advocates have reported instances where persons protecting themselves inside their home were criminally charged because they did not retreat.
Minnesota’s statute states:
The intentional taking of the life of another is not authorized by section 609.06, except when necessary in resisting or preventing an offense which the actor reasonably believes exposes the actor or another to great bodily harm or death, or preventing the commission of a felony in the actor's place of abode.
Open carry is prohibited in Minnesota except for those who have a carry permit.
The state has a workplace protection law that protects employees who possess a gun in a vehicle parked on their employer’s property. The state also has a preemption law that prevents county and municipal governments from enacting gun laws more restrictive than state laws, as well as a law that protects firing ranges.
Gun bans: None.
Waiting periods for gun purchases: There is a seven-day waiting period for handgun purchases in Minnesota, except for those with carry permits. The waiting period also applies to assault weapons, but not to long guns that do not meet the assault weapon definition.
License or permit required to purchase guns: A handgun transfer report is required to purchase a handgun or assault weapon.
Registration of guns: None.
Places in Minnesota where carrying is prohibited, with or without a permit:
- Correctional facilities or jails
- State buildings
- Federal facilities
- Private establishments that have posted signs banning guns on their premises.
Additional Provisions or Restrictions
Persons who store or leave loaded guns where children can access them can be convicted of a gross misdemeanor in Minnesota.