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Idaho Gun Rights

An Overview of Gun Laws in Idaho

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Constitutional Right to Keep and Bear Arms?

Yes. The people have the right to keep and bear arms, which right shall not be abridged; but this provision shall not prevent the passage of laws to govern the carrying of weapons concealed on the person nor prevent passage of legislation providing minimum sentences for crimes committed while in possession of a firearm, nor prevent the passage of legislation providing penalties for the possession of firearms by a convicted felon, nor prevent the passage of any legislation punishing the use of a firearm.  No law shall impose licensure, registration or special taxation on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition.  Nor shall any law permit the confiscation of firearms, except those actually used in the commission of a felony. Enacted in 1978.

Concealed Carry

Idaho is a shall-issue state, meaning a permit is required by law to be issued to qualified applicants. Permits are issued by county sheriffs and are valid for periods of five years. Obtaining a permit in Idaho is cheaper than in many states; the base fee is only $20. Applicants are required to submit to fingerprinting and a background check. Idaho is different from many states in that a citizen as young as 18 can obtain a permit in some circumstances. The determination is made by the county sheriff. In some Idaho counties, completion of a firearms safety course is not a requirement for receiving a permit; in other counties, a safety course is required.

States that honor Idaho’s concealed carry permits include: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont and Wyoming.

Idaho recognizes carry permits issued by every state except Illinois and Wisconsin.

Castle Doctrine

Idaho adopted a castle law in 2006. It provides civil immunity to residents who use physical or deadly force against home invaders. Idaho’s castle law is not a “stand your ground” law.

Pro-Gun Provisions

Idaho has a preemption law that prohibits local governments from enacting gun laws that are more restrictive than state law. The state also has a range law providing protection for firing ranges.

Open carry of firearms is permissible in Idaho, and the state is barred from confiscating guns or banning their possession in the case of disaster emergencies.

Restrictions

Gun bans: None.

Waiting periods for gun purchases: No.

License or permit to purchase guns: No.

Registration of guns: No.

Places permit holders are disallowed from carrying their weapons include:

  • Courthouses
  • Jails
  • Schools (public or private)
  • School activities
  • School-provided transportation
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